Organic matter plays a crucial role in soil health and productivity, entering the soil through two main mechanisms.

Firstly, the “Liquid Carbon Pathway” [1] involves plants releasing organic compounds like sugars, proteins, and lipids into the soil through their roots. These compounds are produced during photosynthesis and serve as essential nutrients for soil life. This process fosters a healthier soil microbiome, improves nutrient availability, and enhances soil structure.

The second mechanism is the decomposition of biomass, including plant and animal waste products such as leaf litter, stubble, and manures. Earthworms and other organisms break down this material and incorporate it into the soil. This decomposition enriches the soil with carbon and nitrogen, critical nutrients for plant growth. It also improves soil structure, enhances water retention, and supports beneficial soil organisms.

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